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Simien Mountains National Park

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The Simien Mountains are, quite simply, Ethiopia’s crowning glory. Dramatic, expansive, and untouched, the Simiens are one of the country’s quintessential experiences. Snake along the ancient footpaths as you gradually ascend to the highest peak in the range, Ras Dashen. Keep your eyes open for the elusive Simien Wolf and the ingenious Gelada baboons, while birds of prey soar on the thermals above. A hike here is not to be missed!


Best Time to Visit:

The best trekking conditions occur from April to May or October to November. 

Average Visitor Rating:

5 out of 5 'Pawprints' Based on 0 Review(s)
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The Spectacular Simien Mountains 

Deep canyons, sheer cliffs and sprawling plateaus starkly stand beside each other, creating the Simien Mountain range. If you’re a hiker – you cannot miss this park. This dramatic and unique basalt landscape is the remnants of volcanic eruption 20 - 30 million years ago. Today, it is both a national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its magnificent scenery and endangered wildlife. 


The best way to experience the park is on foot, with the aid of a mule, ranger, porters and a chef. Scrambling along ancient foot trails carries you high into the mountains, passing through emerald coloured forests, jagged cliffs, sheer waterfalls and sprawling grassy plateaus. Whether you opt to summit Ras Dashen, the range’s highest peak, or simply sit amongst a harem of Gelada baboons on a sunny day, this hike is one not to be missed. Cultural tours and local guides further enhance the experience, highlighting both the synergies and challenges of this sparsely inhabited park during a traditional coffee ceremony.  



Hiking the Simiens: Wildlife, Landscapes and Culture

The Trek

Over the course of 1 – 5 days, you can explore the wild and remote landscapes of this northern Ethiopian mountain range. Jagged peaks, steep escarpments and richly green landscapes characterize the landscape, and the region is best explored on foot following ancient village paths.  

Trails begin in the foothills outside the town of Debark. As you ascend slowly towards the first camp, the landscape theatrically transforms from rolling farmlands to steep escarpments. Forests become lusher as cliffs become steeper – it takes little time before you are in total awe of the region. Bizarre and unique looking plants, including the Giant Heath, the Giant St John’s Wort and the Giant Lobelias, remind you of the range’s prehistoric roots, while the yellow Abyssinian wild rose, the golden globe thistle and the silver everlastings  add splashes of vibrant colours to the region. As the days progress and you climb deeper into the park, you will weave past waterfalls and pause to soak your feet in a cool river. Pausing on top of the Imet Gogo plateau is always a highlight, as it affords some of the best views in the park while lammergeyers swoop overhead. 


Whether embarking solely on a day hike from a lodge, or the full 5-night hike to the fifth highest peak in Africa and back, this adventure will both challenge and inspire all who attempt it. 



As you wind along the plateaus and peaks, keep an eye out for the unique wildlife that inhabits this mountain range.


The intimidating-looking Gelada is a type of Old World monkey, endemic to the highlands in Ethiopia. Related to the baboon, these impressive creatures roam the grasslands in large harems – and often torment local villagers by raiding their crops. The males in the harem are by far the wildest looking. They average a weight of 18.5kg, and have heavy capes of hair running down their backs, contrasted with bright pink chests. The Gelada are extremely social and have an intricate society. Spend an hour observing them as they gain confidence and approach you. Though, be sure to keep an eye on your food as they descend around your campsite in the late afternoon! 


The Walia Ibex is another great sighting in the region. This endangered ungulate lives in a herd of 5 – 20, and only an estimated 400 live in the Simiens in total. As you scramble up and down the rocky cliffs of the escarpments, keep an eye out for these agile climbers – this is their preferred habitat.


Most challenging to spot is the endangered Ethiopian wolf, also known as the Simien fox. As the rarest canid worldwide, and Africa’s most threatened carnivore, a sighting is a coveted moment on the hike. The wolf hunts independently on alpine rodents in the early morning and late afternoon, and can be seen as you traverse the grassland. Be sure to travel with binoculars since these wolves usually avoid humans. 


Other Activities

A number of villages continue to exist within the national park. While their presence does threaten the sustainability of the region and resident wildlife, they do enrich the hike by providing cultural insight to those interested. As you pass through villages, it is possible to stop for a traditional Ethiopian coffee ceremony in one of the homes. It is customary to eat popcorn during the ceremony, and to drink at least three cups of the rich brew. 



Accommodation in the Simien Mountains National Park

The trekking route through the Simiens carries hikers through a number of stunning campsites. There are 9 sites in total, though most treks lead hikers to three or four. Located with incredible views of the mountains, all sites are equipped with drop box toilets, cooking areas, running water and tent sites. Two of the campsites also have a few small rooms that can be rented for a small price, if looking for a break from the tent (or the wind). 


There is also one high end lodge operating in the park, near the first campsite. This lodge can be used either as a base for day hikes, or as a first/final night on your trek. 



How to Get There

The base for preparing to hike the Simien Mountains is the town of Gondar. 750km north of Addis, it takes over 10 hours to reach the city by vehicle. Most opt instead for the 1-hour flight with Ethiopian Airlines. From Gondar, hikers must drive a further 100km to the small town of Debark, where the park headquarters are located. 


Some hikers opt to begin hiking directly from Debark, while others may prefer to drive through the foothills and begin hiking from the first campsite. A road does intersect the entire park, making it possible to drive right to the base of Ras Dashen. 



Best Time to Visit the Simien Mountains National Park

The best trekking conditions occur during the months of April and May or October and November. Temperatures are moderate and the weather remains dry. 


High levels of tourism are rarely a problem in these remote mountains, and temperatures remain fairly consistent year round. Temperatures can drop to below freezing at night in the higher altitudes, though days tend to warm up into the mid-teens. October and November are among the warmest months in the mountains. 


Avoid the months between June and mid-September, as these tend to be the rainiest. Occasional rains occur between January and March. 

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Other Places of Interest in Ethiopia:
Lake Tana
Omo Valley

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