Other Kenya National Parks
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The name 'buffalo springs' is taken from an oasis found on the western side of the reserve. The reserve was established with
the aim of protecting the wildlife species found on the riverbanks of Ewaso Ngiro River, which is their main source of livelihood. The Buffalo Springs
Reserve, forms part of a large complex of reserves- the other two is Samburu and Shaba. Buffalo and Samburu are adjacent to one another and are only
separated by a river. Visitors to the game reserve can find accommodation in the several lodges in Shaba and
Buffalo Springs is much larger covering an area of 131 square kilometers and was first opened to visitors in 1985. Samburu and Buffalo
Springs are particularly popular tourist destinations. Despite their separation, both reserves are actually one single natural unit. The Samburu people whose
nomadic lifestyle and culture resembles that of the Maasai people inhabit these reserves.
Buffalo Springs reserve is accessible by road at a distance of approximately 343 km from Nairobi via Thika through to Nanyuki and Isiolo.
There are airstrips in both Buffalo Springs and Samburu. Daily scheduled flights are from Nairobi.
Access within the park is best done in a car. The
reserve has a well-established internal road network.
3. Major Attractions
The reserve boasts of a wide mix of animal and plant life, most of which rely on the Ewaso Ngiro River for survival.
Wildlife found includes buffalos, cheetahs, eland, elephant, gazelles, gerenuk, hippos, leopards, lions, oryx. Four of the 'big five' can be seen with the
exception of the rhino. A huge number of bird species (365) have been observed in the reserve including the heaviest flying bird; the Somali ostrich and the
The reserve is on gentle lowland plain and has a main feature in the form of an ancient lava- terrace that forms the Champagne Ride in
the Southeast. The Ewaso Ngiso is the main source of water and is replaced by the Isiolo River when it runs dry-which is a rare occurrence. The Buffalo
springs on the other hand are a permanent source of drinking water for the wildlife.
The vegetation in the reserve is mainly riverine forest,
grasslands and woodlands. Visitors have a choice of three campsites to stay in which are found in Samburu and Shaba.
More InformationInterested in taking a safari to Buffalo Springs and see the unique animals of northern Kenya? Contact us through our Africa Safari feedback page and we will assistance on all your safari