Sport fishing is a popular leisure activity in Tanzania - providing visitors to East Africa with rewarding fishing opportunities.
Fresh water rivers and lakes of Tanzania, occupying more than 6 per cent of the country, host plenty of fish and are ideal for sport fishing adventures. The best time to go on a fishing safari in Tanzania is immediately after the long and short rains. The short rains fall in November and December, while the long rains are received in April and May.
The southern port of Lake Victoria, Mwanza, is one of the leading safari destination in Tanzania. Mwanza is inhabited by Tilapia and Nile Perch and it makes for the best sport fishing starting point in Tanzania. Lake Victoria is the largest tropical lake in the world and second largest freshwater lake in terms of surface area. The lake has a shoreline of 3440 km and has more than 3000 islands many of which are inhabited.
If you happen to be on a Tanzania safari and interested in taking down Goliath Tigerfish, Lake Tanganyika will be your favourite destination. Tanganyika, the second largest fresh water lake in the world after Lake Baikal in Siberia, is inhabited by over 350 species of fish. It also hosts more than 2000 plants and animal species. About 600 of these species exist nowhere else in the world outside the lake's watershed.
River Rufiji, the largest river in Tanzania offers both salty and freshwater fishing adventures. Freshwater fishing takes place in the 21 lakes in the Rufiji floodplain area along River Rufiji and in hundreds of ponds and creeks. These lakes and creeks fill up during the annual floods and they yield excellent catches of fish. On the other hand, salty water fishing is normally done near the Rufiji coast, where good conditions for prawn fishing exist on the sandbanks off the Rufiji Delta.